Potty training a puppy or new rescue dog takes dedication, a plan, good timing and lots of love and patience. Remember, your puppy is a member of a foreign species that has no way of understanding that her potty is outdoors until you show her very clearly. If she makes a mistake, don’t get mad, and don’t correct. Assess what YOU need to do better and then work with her according to a well thought out plan. Here are some quick and easy tips for puppy potty training will help you get your new puppy or new rescue dog on the right paw for a lifetime of good habits.
Schedule all food, water, potty time. Take her out about every hour at first.
Confine with a crate or tie her near you or to you or supervise all the time. She should spend the majority of the time interacting with you, not alone in her crate. Remember: She will sniff the floor very briefly right before she potties. This is when you need to hustle her out. FAST!
When she gets outside, you must go with her with food rewards. Run with her to the same spot every time. she will forget why she went out. Don’t play with her until after she potties. When she goes, praise her dramatically, give her food (important!) as you praise. Then play with her for a few minutes before you go back inside.
Keep her off the carpets! Thoroughly clean up any accidents with an odour neutralizing cleaner like white vinegar. Don’t worry, the vinegar smell goes away.
Don’t scold for accidents! Just interrupt with a loud (don’t scare, interrupt) noise Silently hustle her outside. Clean the accident up when you get back. She is just performing to natural, unconscious (like a toddler)bodily functions. If you scold she will get scared and not want to go potty in front of you. Which will be a problem when you try to get her to potty outside.
The terms, “Reactive” and “Aggressive” are sometimes used interchangeably. Neither word defines the dog, but both words describe behaviour which is very often rooted in fear, and rarely, in dysfunctional social skills.
The only way to fix reactive dog behaviour permanently is to change the emotional response of the dog to the scary thing is by carefully applying a program of progressive counterconditioning and desensitization and having the dog practice self control through specialized interactive games. Changing reactivity to non reactive, calm behaviour requires changing the dog’s emotional response to a perceived threat, whether we are dealing with leash reactivity, resource guarding, or any other situation where the dog becomes aggressive.
Why not just correct the dog with a tug on a training collar, or another physical or verbal correction when he acts aggressively? There are several good reasons not to correct your dog for aggression. The first is that most dogs will figure out that when scary things approach, you become aggressive and confusing. This will stress a dog more, and the dog will often learn to associate the scary thing with stress and getting a physical correction. Then when you aren’t around, the aggressive behaviour tends to increase, and new anxiety related behaviour may show up. Science has shown that dogs who are trained through the use of corrections are more likely to show an increase in aggressive behaviour. Since the early 21st century, at least two published studies have found that dog aggression and anxiety behaviours increased when punitive training methods were used.** Meghan Herron and her colleagues from the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania reported in the journal Applied Animal Behavior Science that using punishing techniques when training dogs tends to increase the aggression in the animals, rather than decreasing it.** Not surprisingly, dogs trained using corrections don’t learn as quickly as dogs trained using positive reinforcement with a scientifically designed training protocol. One study even found that most owner directed aggression would cease when the dog owner stopped using physical corrections in training.
The only long term, effective approach to training a reactive dog is always to use a counterconditioning and desensitization protocol.
How long will it take? The time it takes to thoroughly fix any behaviour problem depends on the individual dog, owner compliance to the training program, and how many times the behaviour has repeated itself successfully before the training program began. While improvement is typically seen after the first session, each repetition of the new, calm behaviour will help to make the threat response disappear for good. It can take up to 3 months of practicing controlled repetitions before the new, confident, controlled and relaxed emotions are solid enough to be reliable.
** Dog Training Methods: Their Use, effectiveness and interaction with dog behaviour and and welfare, EF Hibey et al, Journal of Animal Welfare (2004)
**Survey of the use and outcome of confrontational and non-confrontational training methods in client-owned dogs showing undesired behaviors Meghan E. Herron *, Frances S. Shofer, Ilana R. Reisner, Journal of Applied Animal Behaviour (2009)
Senior dogs can stay active and healthy as they age. Although there are definitely genetic components to aging, here 5 tips to help your dog to stay healthy and happy during their senior years. Please click on the links for even more information!
Keep her physically active. Walks can become several short jaunts at her own pace instead of one long hike. You might find she still likes to zip around a bit off leash, so go to the dog park when there aren’t a bunch of young dogs there. Play a little fetch if she likes to play fetch. Besides walking, older dogs can benefit from doggy exercises like a sit/stand sequence, and mild pedestal exercises. Exercises like these help to keep the hip joints active and limber, so your dog can stand up more easily.
Help her to stay mentally active with interactive games, tricks, and even puzzle toys and chew toys. Staying mentally active helps to keep dementia at bay. Your old dog might not be up to going for a run anymore, but she will certainly appreciate any chance to show off her mad skills at “high-five”. Check out theses activities from Petful.com
Keep her from gaining too much weight. Excess weight is really hard on the joints and organs like the heart. There are many senior diets available that are lower calorie and protein than the ones made for all life stages. You may find that switching to one of these diets helps to keep the pounds from adding up to excess. If your dog is on a raw or home cooked diet, adjust the ingredients as necessary by adding more fresh vegetables.
Keep toenails trimmed. Some senior dogs become sensitive about nail trims. If this is the case with yours, your veterinarian can very likely assist with this.
Take her to visit the veterinarian. A veterinarian can give her a thorough check and make sure bumps and lumps aren’t cancerous tumors. Your vet might prescribe a non steroidal anti inflammatory (like Metacam)to help your dog feel more comfortable. More vets are prescribing CBD oil for dogs, which is proving to be effective for many of the ailments caused by the aging process.
Here are 10 dog training tips that will help you to get the best out of your dog.
Have a basic routine and always be consistent with training and rules. Don’t allow the dog on the bed sometimes if you don’t want the dog on the bed at other times.
Keep training sessions short and sweet. Aim for 3-5 minutes per session, 4 or 5 times per day. Short dog training sessions will help your dog to stay focussed and interested. Like they say in show biz: “Always leave them wanting more!”
Think of the behaviour you want rather than the behaviour you don’t want. Use positive reinforcement to create positive associations with doing what you want. Don’t let him self reward for behaviour you don’t want by preventing this behaviour while you teach the one that you want.
Be assertive, not dominant. Just forget about dominance. Your dog doesn’t want to be your boss and could care less about Alpha status. He just wants to get what he wants the easiest, most efficient way. If he can get a sandwich when he steals yours, he will steal your sandwich. If he can get you to give him a treat just by lying down and waiting, he will lie down.
Set goals for behaviour. Work in baby steps to reach the goal. If your dog fails at one step more than twice, go back to the last step and repeat it a few times before trying the more difficult progression again.
The harder the behaviour we want from the dog, the higher value the reward should be.
Be a slot machine, not an ATM. Start with frequent, small rewards, and as soon as you get the behaviour 10 times in a row, start to make the treats intermittent.
Keep your treat pouch behind your left buttock. Then it won’t distract your dog.
Always reward on and off leash check-ins, at least with a really happy greeting and sometimes with a food reward or game.
All training starts with creating a positive association with attention to name. Practice saying her name and rewarding a few times a day.
So, what if I told you that wild dogs are democratic, taking votes on group activities? No, don’t leave yet! There really is scientific evidence according to an international study done on wild dogs in Botswana. The study recorded 68 social rallies from 5 different dog packs Dr Neil Jordan, who headed the study says African wild dogs exhibit highly energetic greeting ceremonies called social rallies after rest periods, before they move off together again. During the rally, the dogs start sneezing. If there are enough sneezes, the pack goes off hunting and exploring. If there are not enough sneezes from the majority of dogs, the dogs go back to sleep for a while.
The dominant pair influences the way the pack votes. If these two didn’t sneeze, then more votes will be required before the pack goes out hunting.
Study first author Reena Walker, of Brown University in the US: “We found that when the dominant male and female were involved in the rally, the pack only had to sneeze a few times before they would move off. However, if the dominant pair were not engaged, more sneezes were needed — approximately 10 — before the pack would move off”
It gets even more complex: Each dog’s vote appears to have a unique value in the voting process. Some dogs required more sneezes for their vote to count. Something to think about next time your excited dog sneezes at you!
Do you have an unruly dog that couldn’t care less about what you want him to do? Do you have a pup that is embarrassing to take for a walk because he pulls on leash like he’s out to win the Yukon Quest? Or worse, on walks he freaks out with a full blown hissy fit if he sees another dog? Are you ready to have a well mannered dog you can always be proud of? I’ve got a few tried and true tips that will get him on the right paw. Here are 5 things you need to start doing today: …